Menstruation in Islam, Do’s & Don’ts During Periods

Menstruation in Islam, Do’s & Don’ts During Periods

General Menstruation Rules in Islam can be confusing especially if a lady is joining Islam as an adult. This article will help you understand what you can do and what you should not do when you have your monthly periods as a Muslim woman.  

Muslim women should not feel restricted during menstruation when they cannot perform salaat. Let us look at what you can do during those days and whether you should recite the Quran as a Muslim woman on monthly periods.

We will also give details involving the teachings about yellow and brown discharge in Islam. This will help some young Muslim women don’t understand what to do when they see them.

History of menstruation in Islam

Menstruation in Islam is referred to as haidh. It’s known to flow out from any woman that is nine years and above age-wise. In Islam, there are certain features that are looked at to confirm if someone is experiencing it they include;

  1. The flow is red in color others might have a dark flow
  2. It’s considered to be thick
  3. It’s very warm
  4. When coming out it comes with excessive force with a certain burning

Mentioned above are among most of the things that you can check as an Islam woman when experiencing your haidh.

On the contrary, it’s supposed to go for about ten days conservatively but if it exceeds this, It’s quite a different case. Which means that the lady has to find out the category of women that she falls under and observe the rules that are needed.

We should also be aware of different categories that women fall under in regards to their menstruating habit. They can be classified into about six groups. However, the most discussed are this three that have been mentioned below.

A woman who sees her blood on different dates and its duration is not fixed is termed as a mudhtaribah.

mubtadiyah is a name that refers to that woman that has seen her periods for the first time. On the other hand, nasiyah is used when referring to that woman that is very forgetful meaning that she does not remember her period dates.

It’s said that when you have a challenge of counting your days, it’s better to consult her family about the blood circle history for the proper calculation to be done.

You should also put in mind that haidh is supposed to last for ten consecutive days and extend of that is termed as istihadha.

Note that each and every woman that has been mentioned above has rules to follow depending on the kind of category that she falls under.

Dos and don’ts during menstruation

Islam is a religion that is known worldwide to be religious and very strict when it comes to following their rule.

Most worshippers always adhere to what is required of them without defying at all since those rules are meant to keep them safe. When in haidh state, there are certain things that a woman is not supposed to do i.e.

  1. During this period a woman is not supposed to worship or fast
  2. Sex activities are also prohibited
  3. It is also haram for a woman to enter the masjid in such a state
  4. Its is also haram to recite the four surah’s that contain the wajib sajda
  5. Any parts of your body are not allowed to touch the Quran
  6. A person is also not allowed to perform the hajj

It’s said that you are not to see these rules as a limitation but rather a reprieve for your own being. Therefore as a woman, you do not feel ashamed since menstruation is just a process that lasts for a few days before coming to an end.

What is allowed during menstruation in Islam?

There are certain things that a woman is allowed to do during menstruation in Islam. Those are basic standard things that are good for her faith in Islam since, at the end of the day, she is a Muslim and is supposed to talk to Allah.

  1. A woman is allowed to make her dua
  2. Attending Eid celebration is allowed
  3. She can also read hadiths and do some studies on Islamic text
  4. She can also celebrate the praises of Allah

Therefore, as an Islamic woman, you should never give up spiritually. Instead, keep yourself busy with Islamic activities that have been mentioned above.

In most instances, there is those type of women who go through a lot of trouble during this time i.e. having headache, excess cramps and many more complication and that’s why Allah had mercy on them thus excusing them from praying.

Praying after period Islam

As mentioned earlier, Islam is a religion that has its own set of rules which are carried in specific areas with certain reasons. Before praying, a woman has to perform a ritual known as ghusl. This means that she has to purify her whole body.

Since it’s a purification process, water is supposed to reach your scalp. This means that when you have braided hair that is tight, consider running water over them for your ghusl to be complete.

Mentioned below are steps that are followed when performing ghusl they include;

  1. Have to make Niyyah which is an intention of making ghusl
  2. Wash your right hand inclusive of your wrist and do not forget to wash in between your fingers three times together with your left hand
  3. Wash your private part and remove any form of dirt
  4. Perform wudu as if you want to pray i.e. rinse your mouth and nostrils in a clean way and your feet should also be cleaned.
  5. Water is supposed to be poured from your head for it to flow all over your body make sure that your scalp gets enough water together with those parts that are hidden.
  6. Pour water on both your shoulders starting from the right to the left one three times each
  7. It’s always recommended for one to recite the shahada

Keep in mind that if you are done with performing your ghusl and that you forgot to wash certain parts of your body, it’s always recommended that you rewash yourself for your purification to be genuine.

Menstruation in Quran

We all know that when an Islam woman is on her haidh, there are certain things that she is prohibited from doing.

However, this is said to be inventions from people which Allah himself did not forbid. Most of the things that women are being prohibited from performing seem to move them a distance from Allah.

Some of them feel highly impure. This is because they can’t touch the Quran. Do not forget this book gives guidance to believers.

There is no place in the Quran that restricts women from praying. There is a verse in the Quran that insists that both men and women should be given the same quality when it comes to worshipping God.

In addition, there is no verse in the Quran that says a woman that is undergoing through her menses should not fast. Not forgetting that she is a believer. If this could be a rule, Allah would have mentioned in the Quran.

However, Allah spoke on menstruation which has been mentioned in the Quran and that is having sexual intercourse at this time. As a man, you should keep away from them and only approach them when they are purified.

Those are matters that are described in the holy book. As his followers, we should appreciate them and abide by them. A woman that is a believer should be allowed to carry on with their worshipping act but if someone is sick or is on a journey, he or she has been forgiven for not participating.

Hadith on Menstruation, Islam

In hadith, we found out that Aisha who was the prophet’s wife did not come close to him until when she was done with her periods. In addition to that, she left the bed for his husband and slept down on a red mat.

Men were only allowed to come into contact with their women after their hadh is complete and that they have taken a bath to purify themselves.

According to hadith, it’s said that the holy prophet used to embrace his wives while on their periods, in addition to this as a woman, you were supposed to tie a waist wrapper all over your body. The holy prophet is said to have many wives that would fulfill his sexual desires.

However, his wives reported that he used to approach the one on her period and lie by her side. As said with his wife Mimuna, a piece of cloth would always be placed in between them.

Aisha also narrated that while she was on her menses, the prophet would send her in the mosque to bring his praying mat, trying to give him an excuse that she was on her period. He would always tell her that her hands were not the ones menstruating instead she should collect it for him.

In addition to that, during their mealtime, the prophet would actually share his food with the wife meaning that he used to place his mouth on the same spot that his wife had placed.

Those are among the hadiths that were being told with the prophet’s wives regarding menstruation act.

Shall I not tell you about the best of your deeds the messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasalam asked his Sahaba. A deed that is purest in the sight of your Lord.

A deed which raises you more in status. A deed which is better for you than giving gold and silver in charity. A deed which is even better than meeting your enemy, you striking their necks and they strike in yours yes.

“Yes Messenger of Allah” the Sahaba replied in eagerness. “Dhikr Allah” said the Prophet. Remembering Allah is no small thing.

It can immensely increase your rank with Allah and bring you closer to him. Once, a lost Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam remarked the “Murphreedune have gone ahead”.

Who are the “mouphfreedune”? asked the Sahaba. “They are those men and women who remember Allah much” replied the Prophet.

Dhikr can be done anywhere anytime even if you simply persist in reciting the daily ‘adhkaar’ which have been narrated for specific times.

  1. Morning
  2. Evening
  3. Going to bed
  4. Upon waking up
  5. Eating
  6. Drinking
  7. Getting dressed
  8. Entering and leaving the home and so on

Even if you just stick to these, you have gained a lot of rewards and if you are concerned about missing out the extra rewards during these menstruation days in Islam, you should make it a point to spend some time making dhikr. The time you spend every day on the obligatory salat, you can spend it for the dhikr.

Radiallahu ta’ala anhu narrates that Allah’s Messenger Sallallahu alayhi wasalam went out in the morning as she was busy with the Fajr prayer and when he returned in the forenoon, he found her sitting in the same place. “Have you been here since I left you?” asked the Prophet.

“Yes,” she replied. Thereupon, the Prophet said, I recited four words three times after I left you and if they were to be weighed against all what you have recited since morning they will be heavier.

so what are those words;

  • Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi,
  • adada khalqhi,
  • Wa rida-a nafsihi,
  • Wa zinatah arshihi,
  • Wa midada kalimahiti.

This means that;

Allah is free from imperfection and I praise him as many times as the number of his creatures, as much as it pleases him, as much as the weight of his throne, as much as the ink that may be used in recording the words for his praise.

Memorize adhkaar like this and you won’t feel like missing out on the rewards at all. Repeating these words is not the only form of dhikr. Every beneficial word that your tongue utters, brings you closer to Allah.

So let’s make an effort in these days to understand the Deen of Allah because the more you’re in, the more valuable your deeds are.

All the many beneficial ways of achieving rewards that are open to others are also open to you as a woman even if you are in your periods as a Muslim Female.

So now we know that if Allah has excused us from praying salat, He has not kept us from achieving rewards or from connecting with Him.

As per reading the Quran, there is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars reading as in saying it with your tongue.

 As far as looking at the text and reading it in your mind. For example, if the Quran is kept in front of you, you can look at it and read it in your mind because that is not considered recitation. You might want to do that.

For example, when reading “tough seal”, this is permissible. The difference of opinion is about reading it with your tongue moving and the majority of these scholars say it is prohibited not allowed.

Shaykh abdullah thymine rahim Ajala said that since we know the scholars too have a difference of opinion in regard to this, it is best that you don’t recite the Quran during menstruation.

You may only do so when there is an exemption like if you are a teacher and you need to teach your students or you are a student and you need to recite for an examination.

You need to seek Roqya through Qur’anic verses or you fear that you might forget what you have memorized.

Now if you require to read these verses from a ‘Mushaf’ which is the book which contains only the text of the Quran with no translation.

How to Recite the Quran During Menstruation in Islam?

If you need to recite the Quran looking at the mushaf, you should have a barrier such as a clean cloth or gloves.

A Muslim woman can turn the pages with a stick or a pen because Allah’s Messenger said no one should touch the ‘mushaf’ except in a state of purity.

Apart from the mushaf, you can touch the books of tafseer and even books which contain few Qur’anic verses. A Muslim woman during menstruation can read the Quran from modern devices like mobiles and laptops because these do not fall under the same ruling of mushaf.

“Misconceptions such as not taking a bath or not cutting nails during menstrual days in Islam have no basis in the teachings of Islam. You can comb your hair, cut your nails, or take a bath because it’s perfectly fine. A Muslim woman can apply henna during her periods”.

Yellow discharge after period Islam

According to Islamic culture, a woman who is on her period is not allowed to fast. Therefore, brownish or Yellow discharge after period is an indication that the woman is done with bleeding and is now able to fast like the rest. It marks the onset of fasting for a woman who was experiencing her period.

In Islam, if the yellowish discharge comes after the woman’s period ended before the break of dawn, and this woman proceeded to fast, her fast will be seen to have been valid.

Therefore, the yellowish discharge noticed at the end of the menses will not have any effect on the fact that this woman had in the first place.

Causes of yellow discharge after period

Muslim women need to know that a yellowish vaginal discharge after period ends may have its reasons and meanings and this may vary from one person to another.

The following causes will help you in narrowing down and solve the reasons why you are having yellow vaginal discharge.

1. Hormonal Imbalance

For a woman’s body to function normally, the hormones estrogen and progesterone should strike a balance between them.

An increase in the level of estrogen causes hormonal imbalance and affects a woman’s reproductive system leading to the production of Yellow Discharge After Period.

This imbalance can be caused by stress, depression, and change of diet or the use of certain types of medication.

2. Sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases STDs are diseases that are passed from one person to another during unprotected sexual intercourse.

Most of them are treatable. Yellow discharge after period is a symptom of sexually transmitted diseases. The following are the common types of such diseases and other related symptoms;

3. Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is bacterial sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

This infection can be transmitted even via kissing, oral sex, or anal sex. Antibiotics provide effective treatment. The following are related symptoms of gonorrhea;

  1. Thick Yellow discharge after period ends
  2. Pimples in the mouth
  3. Sore throat
  4. Swollen clitoris
  5. Pain during sexual intercourse
  6. Fever
  7. Frequent urination and burning sensation while urinating
  8. Pelvic pain

4. Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is common among young sexually active women who have unprotected sex. It is caused by a pathogen known as Trichomonas vaginalis.It is treatable using oral antibiotics.

  1. Greenish Yellow Discharge After Period
  2. Swollen clitoris
  3. Bad odor from the vaginal discharge
  4. Itchy clitoris
  5. Cramps on the lower abdomen
  6. Sharp pain while urinating

5. Chlamydia

Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium known as Chlamydia trachomatis. It is transmitted through having unprotected sex with an infected person. The following are symptoms of chlamydia;

  1. Yellow discharge after period
  2. Pain when engaging in sexual intercourse that may lead to bleeding
  3. Spotting between menstrual periods
  4. Infertility
  5. Pelvic Inflammation
  6. Eye infection like conjunctivitis
  7. Fever
  8. Frequent urination burning sensation or pain during urination,
  9. Pain on the lower back and abdomen.
  10. Nausea

“Abnormal vaginal discharge can also be a symptom of certain sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Since these can spread to involve the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes, and can be passed on to sexual partners, detection and treatment of STIs are important.”

According to Mayo Clinic.

6. Yeast Infection

A type of yeast fungi known as Candida albicans exists naturally in our clitoris. It balances with good bacteria in the clitoris in order to keep it healthy and free from infections.

However, if the growth of this yeast is triggered and they over multiply out of control, it causes yeast infection.

This infection is characterized by whitish or Yellow discharge after a period that itches and looks like cottage –cheese. However, it does not have a foul smell.

Overgrowth of yeast is triggered by factors like dampness in the clitoris due to wearing tight underwear, hormonal imbalance, and side effects of antibiotics that may kill good bacteria.

The good news is that yeast infection can be treated using antifungal medication or home remedies; the bad news is that it can reoccur often despite having treated it.

7. Bacterial vaginosis

Good and bad bacteria co-exist in the clitoris and they balance out. However, if the number of bad bacteria exceeds the number of good bacteria then an infection called bacterial vaginosis occurs.

This imbalance of bacteria is caused by unhygienic practices that compromise your immune system or interfering with the normal pH level of your clitoris.

This type of infection is characterized by Yellow discharge after the period that is accompanied by a bad odor that smells like rotten meat. This infection can be treated using antibiotics.

Brown discharge after period Islam

In the Islam culture when a woman starts experiencing brown discharge, it is considered that she is getting clean and is allowed to take part in religious matters like fasting and praying.

Women in their period are always considered unclean so seeing a brown discharge is a ticket back to normal religious practices.

Causes of brown discharge after period

There are several causes of brown vaginal discharge after period and this is not only for Muslim women but for any woman out there.

Some are normal and clear on their own, while others are abnormal and act as a sign of an underlining health issue.

The following are the most common causes of brown vaginal discharge after period.

1. Premenopause

Premenopausal is the transition to menopause. Brown discharge after period is an indication that you are approaching menopause. You should not be worried if the brown discharged is not accompanied by cramps or foul smell.

2. Late Period

When your period comes later than the expected time frame, your body has to clean the remaining shading of the uterus after you are through with the heavy bleeding days.

This comes out as brown discharge after period. This discharge is very normal so do not worry about it.

3. Implantation bleeding

Implantation bleeding happens when a fertilized ovum moves to the uterus and attached itself to the uterine lining. It causes bleeding as it penetrates the lining.

This bleeding comes out s brown discharge after period. If you notice brown discharge 3 to 4 weeks after your period and you have been having unprotected sex without taking contraceptive pills, then you are most likely pregnant.

However, the only accurate way to determine your pregnancy status is by taking a pregnancy test.

4. Stress

Stress and constant pressure can interfere with your menstrual cycle and result into you having brown discharge after period. Try and avoid stress and unnecessary pressure. Learn to delegate duties and avoid unnecessary arguments. Learn to let things go.

5. Hormonal Imbalance

Imbalance of hormones progesterone and estrogen that are responsible for menstruation can interfere with your normal body operations and make you experience brown discharge after period.

Incontinent use of birth control pills, some drugs and thyroid issues can cause hormonal imbalance.

Ensure you visit your doctor to determine the cause of your problem and if it is a serious case like an infection in your thyroid glands then it can be treated before it is too late

6. Damaged Reproductive Organ

Brown discharge after period can be caused by bruising your cervix or uterus during genealogical procedures or polyps rapturing during sexual intercourse.

7. Yeast Infection

Yeast infection which is caused by fungi is one of the causes of brown discharge after period. It is accompanied by other symptoms like foul smelling, itchy feeling in the clitoris and burning sensation while urinating. A weak immune system renders you prone to yeast infections. You should eat foods that boost your immune system.

8. Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial Vaginosis occurs when the number of the harmful bacteria in the clitoris exceed the number of good bacteria.

Such a situation can be caused by unhygienic practices that compromise your immune system or interfering with the normal pH level of your clitoris. Since it is a bacterial infection it can be treated by antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor.

9. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory diseases are caused by sexually transmitted diseases. It is characterized by brown discharge after period which is accompanied by a foul smell. Other symptoms may include; pain during sexual intercourse, itchy clitoris or tender stomach.

10. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a very painful disorder whereby tissues that lines the inside of your uterus (the endometrium) happen to grows outside your uterus.

It affects ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining the pelvis. These displaced abnormal cells and tissues will continue to thicken, break down and bleed on your every period, causing brown discharge after period.

It causes brown discharge after period. If left untreated, this condition can cause infertility or ovarian cancer.

11. Cervical Cancer

If you notice brown discharge after period for 3 consecutive months and heavy bleeding after sexually intercourse, then you should consult your doctor. This may be a sign of cervical or uterine cancer

12. Cervicitis

This refers to the inflammation of the cervix caused by a bacterial infection or sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia, genital herpes, or gonorrhea. It is characterized by symptoms like; Abdominal pain, brown discharge after menses, abdominal pain

Menstruation has had different believes in different cultures of the years. Menstruation in Islam is never considered as a normal routine since there are some does and don’ts during this time of the month for women.

During those days, a lady is not supposed to do certain things and is supposed to follow certain rules as stated below. Let us look at some of those things that a lady should not do during her periods in Islam religion.

You can also read about; Is tattoo a sin in Muslim religion?

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